In many STEM classrooms instructors are implementing teaching pedagogies that can lead to the development of crucial process skills. Employers note the importance of key skills like communication, teamwork, critical thinking, and problem solving. Identifying, eliciting, and assessing process skills in a classroom will heighten awareness and understanding (for both instructors and students) of the centrality of process skill development to the overall educational experience of undergraduates. The ELIPSS provides rubrics that allow assessment of process skills in the classroom during student interactions and in student written work.

Critical Thinking

Analyzing, evaluating, or synthesizing relevant information to form an argument or reach a conclusion supported with evidence.

Information Processing

Evaluating, interpreting, manipulating, or transforming information.

Problem Solving

Identifying, planning, and executing a strategy that goes beyond routine action to find a solution to a situation or question.


Interacting with others and building on each other’s individual strengths and skills, working toward a common goal.

Oral Communication

Exchanging information and understanding through speaking, listening, and non-verbal behaviors.

Written Communication

Conveying information and understanding to an intended audience through written materials (paper, electronic, etc).


Planning, organizing, directing, and coordinating one’s own and others’ efforts to accomplish a goal.


Gathering information and reflecting on experiences to improve subsequent learning and performance.


Thinking/reflecting about one’s thinking and how one learns, and being aware of one’s knowledge.